Syllabus | Paper-7 Pediatric and Geriatric Optometry and Low Vision Aids| Bachelor of Optometry | Third Year

Paper-7 Pediatric and Geriatric Optometry and Low Vision Aids

 60 hours

S. No




Module 1

Introduction to Pediatric Optometry Must Know

  • Factors responsible for diseases in children- Genetic factors – Prenatal factors, Perinatal factors, Postnatal factors
2 Hours

Module 2

Assessment of visual acuity in children Must Know

  • Retinoscopy
  • Anterior segment examination
  • Pupillary reactions
  • Pediatric vision charts

Desirable to know

  • Fundus examination

Nice to Know

  • Electrophysiological tests
4 Hours

Module 3

Refractive errors in children Must Know

  • How to do retinoscopy, subjective acceptance and correction of error in Myopia, Pseudomyopia,Hyperopia Astigmatism
  • Management of Anisometropia, Amblyopia,  Occlusion therapy

Desirable to Know

  • Strabismus and nystagmus,
  • Convergence and accommodation
14 Hours

Module 4

Introduction to GeriatricOptometry Must Know

  • Structural and physiological changes in eye in old age
  • Macular disorders, Vascular diseases of the eye in old age
6 Hours

Module 5

Ocular diseases common  in old eye Must Know

  • Management of Cataract, Glaucoma, ARMD

Desirable to know

  • Corneal degenerations

Nice to Know

  • Lid laxity, Xanthelasma

Module 6

Special considerations in ophthalmic dispensing to the elderly Must Know

  • Brief description how dispensing glasses differs in old age vs young age
4 Hours

Module 7

Low Vision Aids— Identifying the low vision patient, Magnitude of low vision Must Know

  • Identification and prevalence of low vision in India
2 Hours

Module 8

Examination of low vision patient Must Know

  • Refraction for distance and near using logmar chart, Snellen chart, contrast sensitivity charts, amsler grid, glare test
8 Hours

Module 9

Optics of low vision devices Must Know

  • Optics of telescopes, magnifiers

Desirable to Know

  • Optics of field expanders
1 Hours

Module 10

Eye disorders and low vision Must Know

  • Diseases responsible for low vision in children and old age and their management–ARMD, Diabetes, Optic nerve disease, RP, Corneal diseases, Glaucoma
2 Hours

Module 11

Demonstrating aids – optical, Non-optical, Electronic Must Know
Practical demonstration of  optical devices–Telescope, Magnifiers, Field expanders and non- optical devices
2 Hours

Module 12

Low vision aids available in market Must Know

  • Telescopes-Galilean, Kaplerian telescopes
  • Magnifiers-Stand, Hand held, Bar, Sheet etc.
  • Non-optical devices—CCTV
1 Hours

Module 13

Children with low vision Must Know

  • Causes of low vision in children Congenital Glaucoma, Optic Atrophy, Cong. Cataract, Nystagmus etc. and their management.
2 Hours

Module 14

Optical devices to help people with field defects Must Know

  • Field expanders used to correct tunnel vision
1 Hours

Module 15

Rehabilitation of the Visually handicapped Must Know
Methods used to make a low vision person lead an independent life

  • Social
  • Medical
  • Educational rehabilitation of patient
1 Hours

About Allied Health Sciences

Allied Health Professions are a distinct group of health professionals who apply their expertise to prevent disease transmission, diagnose, treat and rehabilitate people of all ages and all specialties.

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