Syllabus | Paper-4 Ocular Microbiology | Bachelor of Optometry | First Year

Paper-4 Ocular Microbiology

60 hours                             

S. No




Module 1

Introduction to Microbiology and Classification Must Know

  • Classification of Bacteria, Viruses and Fungi.
  • Staining- Gram, ZN, Capsule staining

Desirable to Know

  • Structure of bacteria, shapes of Bacteria

Module 2

Gram Positive Bacteria Must Know

  • Cocci
  • Staphylococcus, Streptococcus,
  • Pneumococci
  • Bacilli
  • Corynebacterium
  • Mycobacteria

Desirable To Know

  • Bacillus-( B.anthracis, B.cereus).
  • Actinomyces
  • Nocardia

Module 3

Gram Negative Bacteria Desirable to Know

  • Gram negative Cocci and Bacilli
  • Cocci—Gonococci, Meningococci.
  • Moraxella lacunata
  • Bacilli —Pseudomonas
  • Haemophilus,
  • Enterobacteriaceae, Brucella
  • Spirochetes (Treponema)

Module 4

Fungi- saprophyticand pathogenic Must Know

  • Morphological Classification of fungi

Desirable to Know

  • Fungi of ocular importance– Aspergillus, Candia, Histoplasma

Nice to know

  • Dermatophyte
  • Coccidioides
  • Blastomyces,

Module 5

Virus Must Know

  • Morphology, Classification of viruses on the basis of presence of nucleic acid

Desirable to Know

  •  Herpes viruses, hepatitis viruses, Human immune-deficiency viruses.

Module 6

Aseptic Techniques Must Know

  • Define Sterilization, Disinfection, and Antiseptics.
  • Physical Methods of Sterilization
  • Chemical Methods of Sterilization

Module 7

Chlamydia and parasites Must Know

  • Classification of ocular parasites
  • Brief description of parasites of ocular importance-chlamydia.

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