Syllabus | Paper-2 VISUAL OPTICS | Bachelor of Optometry | Second Year

Paper-2 VISUAL OPTICS      

60 hours  

S. No

Topic

Domain

Hours

Module 1

Review of geometrical optics Must Know

  • Light and its properties
  • Vergence and power
  • Sign convention

Desirable to know

  • Magnification and field of view of a lens
8 hours

Module 2

Emmetropia&Ammetropia

 

Must Know

  • Myopia
  • Hypermetropia
  • Astigmatism
  • Aphakia/ Pseudophakia
  • Anisometropia

Desirable to know

  • Anisekonia
  • Amblyopia

Nice to Know

  • Growth of eyeball in relation to ref errors
19 hours

Module 3

Accommodation and Convergence Must Know

  • Far Point
  • Near Point
  • Presbyopia
  • Convergence insufficiency

Desirable to Know

  • Paralysis of accommodation
  • Spasm of accommodation

Nice to know

  • Types of convergence
  • AC/A ratio
8 hours

Module 4

Schematic eye, Reduced eye Must Know

  • Basic concept of schematic eye
  • Reduced eye

Desirable to Know

  • Listing reduced eye
  • Donder’s reduced eye

 

1 hour

Module 5

Strum’s Conoid Must know

  • Definition
  • ray diagram

Desirable to know

  • Clinical significance and how to relate strum’s conoid with diff. types of astigmatism
1 hour

Module 6

Axes and angles of eyeball Must know

  • Optical Axis
  • Visual Axis
  • Angle Kappa

Desirable to know

  • Pupillary Axis
  • Angle Alpha and gamma
1 hour

Module 7

Ghost Images Must Know

  • Definition
  • Mechanism
  • Treatment

Desirable to Know

  • Ray Diagram
1 hour

Module 8

Keratoconus Must Know

  • Definition and types
  • How to detect
  • Treatment

Desirable to Know

  • Types
1 hour

Module 9

Retinoscopy Must Know

  • Definition
  • How to do
  • Distance and Drug Factors
  • Difficulties faced and solution

Desirable to Know

  • Duochrome Test
  • Cross cylinder
  • Pin Hole
15 hour

Module 10

Transposition Must Know

  • Simple
  • Toric

Desirable to Know

  • Clinical significance
2 hours

Module 11

Effective Power of Spectacles Must Know

  • Effect of Vertex on power of spectacle lens

Desirable to Know

  • Spectacle magnification and minification and its effect on accommodation and convergence.
3 hours
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Admission Open- 2018
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