Syllabus | Paper-2 Ocular Anatomy and Ocular Physiology | Bachelor of Optometry | First Year

Paper-2 Ocular Anatomy and Ocular Physiology

60 hours

S. No




Module 1

Embryology of the eye in general Must Know

  • Different stages of formation of eyeball from optic vesicle
6 hours

Module 2

Different parts of eyeball and their functions Must Know

  • Functions of Eyelids, Conjunctiva, cornea, sclera, Uveal tissue, Pupil, Ciliary body, Choroid, Retina, Vitreous, Aqueous, Optic nerve
6 hours

Module 3

Anatomy of Orbit Must Know

  • Anatomy of orbit, walls of orbit, anatomical spaces of  orbit

Desirable to know

  • Fissures and foramina of orbit and structures passing through them

Nice to know

  • Immediate relations of orbit
4 hours

Module 4

Lids and eye lid glands Must Know

  • Anatomy of eyelid and its glands
  • Layers of eyelid, Meibomian glands
4 hours

Module 5

Conjunctiva. Cornea and Sclera Must Know

  • Layers of cornea, conjunctiva and sclera,  Why cornea is transparent

Desirable to Know

  • Blood and nerve supply of cornea
4 hours

Module 6

Uveal tissue, Pupil, AC Must Know

  • Formation and drainage of aqueous humour
  • Pupillary reactions
  • Contents of AC

Desirable to know

  • Layers of iris, ciliary body, choroid
4 hours

Module 7

Lens and Vitreous Must Know

  • Structure of lens and vitreous

Desirable to Know

  • Primary vitreous, secondary vitreous
4 hours

Module 8

Retina, Optic nerve Must Know

  • Layers of retina
  • Parts of optic nerve

Desirable to know

  • Blood supply of optic nerve,  Regeneration of optic nerve
  • Is optic nerve a true nerve?
2 hours

Module 9

Ocular Muscles and movements of eyeball Must Know

  • Intra ocular and extra-ocular muscles of eyeball and muscles of eyelids, their actions, nerve supply
  • Ductions, Versions, Vergences

Desirable to know

  • Positions of gaze
4 hours

Module 10

Neurophysiology of eyeball Must Know

  • Visual pathway
  • Pupillary reflexes– Light reflex, Near reflex, Psycho-sensory reflex
  • Sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous system in relation to eyeball.
  • Visual acuity and form sense
  • Color vision, night vision, visual fields, BSV

Desirable to Know

  • Vascular supply of eyeball
  • Nerve supply of eyeball
10 hours

Module 11

Lacrimal apparatus Must Know

  • Anatomy of lacrimal apparatus–Lacrimal Puncta, canaliculi, sac, Naso-lacrimal Duct

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