Syllabus | Paper-1 General Anatomy and General Physiology | Bachelor of Optometry | First Year

BOPT-1st Year

Paper-1 General Anatomy and General Physiology  

80 hours 

S.No TOPICS TO BE COVERED Domain HOURS
Module 1 Introduction to human body Must Know

  • Introduction to Anatomy, terms and terminology. Regions of Body, Cavities and systems.
  • Cell & various types of  tissues of the body
  • Epithelium & glands of body with example
6
Module 2 Embryology and development Must Know

  • Spermatogenesis
  • oogenesis
  • ovulation
  • Fertilization
  • Placenta
6
Module 3 Skeletal system Must Know

  • Bone
  • Cartilage
  • Joints
  • Muscles of the body

Desirable to Know

  • Nerve muscle junction
  • Tendons
8
Module 4 Circulatory System

 

Must Know

  • Heart, Pericardium, Cardiac cycle
  • Heart sounds, Blood pressure, ECG,
  • The blood- RBC, WBC, Platelets ,plasma, Hemoglobin
  • Blood groups and Rh system, Blood donation

Desirable to Know

  • Main arteries & veins of body & lymphatic system
10
Module 5 Digestive system Must Know

  • Parts of gastro intestinal tract, Liver–The gall bladder, Pancreas & spleen, and functions of each part

Desirable to Know

  • Peritoneum
8
Module 6 Respiratory System Must Know

  • Airway, lungs ,thoracic cavity, Nose & para-nasal sinuses
  • Physiology of respiration, exchange of gases between lungs & blood
6
Module 7 Endocrine organs of body Must Know

  • Pituitary , thyroid, parathyroid , pancreas, Adrenal gland
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Functions of hormones secreted by different glands of body
6
Module 8 Excretory system Must Know

  • Kidney, ureter, urinary bladder, urethra
  • Physiology of urine formation
6
Module 9 Reproductive system Must Know

  • Male and female reproductive organs
  • Mammary glands
  • Male and Female hormones
  • Menstrual cycle
8
Module 10 Central & sensory system Must Know

  • Brain & cranial nerves, Spinal cord & peripheral nerves
  • Autonomic nervous system
  •  Functions of different parts of nervous system

Desirable to Know

  • Neuron, Synapse, Reflex action
  •  Transmission of nerve impulse, EEG
  • Cerebro-spinal fluid
10 hours
Module 11 Sensory Organs Must Know

  • Skin, Ear, Eye, Nose & Tongue
6 hours
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