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Syllabus | Basic Dietetics | Community nutrition | Third Year

BND 3rd Year
Community nutrition
Theory: – 100 hrs    Practical:-100 hr

S. No

Topic

Domain

Hours

 

 

Module 1

 

Introduction to Dietetics:-
Introduction to Nutrition & Dietetics:-
Definition of Nutrition & Dietetics • concepts of nutrition
Role of Nutrition in maintaining Health:-
Nutritional Problems in India:- Protein Energy Malnutrition • Vitamin A deficiency • Nutritional Anemia •  iodine Deficiency Disorder •  Chronic disease •Eating disorder
National Nutrition Policy:- Introduction • Aims of NNP • Nutrition policy instrument of NNP • Direct short term Interventions • Indirect Policy instrument
Must Know

  • definition related to nutrition& Dietetics
  • role of nutrition in National development
  • role of Health in national development
  • nutritional problems in India

Desirable to know

  • Basic & Latest Concepts of nutrition
  • National Nutrition Policy

Nice to know

  • Nutritional programs by Govt of India

2 hrs

 

 

Module 2

 

Malnutrition:-
Introduction• definition of malnutrition • types of malnutrition •  prevalence • causes • sign & symptoms of under nutrition •conditions caused by under nutrition •  factors leading over nutrition • sign & symptoms of over nutrition •conditions caused by  over  nutrition
Must Know

  • Definition of malnutrition
  • Types of malnutrition
  • Causes of malnutrition

Desirable to know

  • Signs & symptoms of malnutrition
  • Factors contributing to malnutrition

Nice to know

  • Health problems due to over nutrition and under nutrition

3 hrs

 

Module 3

Introduction to Nutritional Disorders:-
Introduction • definition • types
Protein Energy Malnutrition:- introduction• epidemiology •classification• causes • risk factor • clinical features • prevention • dietary management
Nutritional Anaemia:- introduction • epidemiology •causes • risk factor • clinical features • prevention • dietary management
Vitamin Deficiency Disorders :- introduction • epidemiology •causes • risk factor • clinical features • prevention • dietary management
Must Know

  • Definition of Nutritional disorders
  • Types of Nutritional disorders
  • Introduction to protein energy malnutrition
  • Introduction to Nutritional Anemia
  • Introduction to Vitamin Deficiency Disorder

Desirable to know

  • Signs & symptoms of nutritional diseases
  • Causes
  • Dietary management of various Nutritional problems

Nice to know

  • Nutritional programs related to nutritional problem

15hrs

 

 

Module 4

Nutritional Assessment :-
Introduction • Definition • objectives • sampling technique• methods of assessment
Sampling Technique:- Introduction • Definition • objectives • identification of risk group • sampling techniques
Methods of Nutritional Assessment
Introduction • Definition • objectives • Direct assessment • Indirect assessment
Direct assessment – introduction• ABCD method
Anthropometric Method:- Introduction
•Definition  • objectives• methods • advantages • disadvantages
Biochemical Method:- Introduction • Definition •objectives • methods • advantages •disadvantages
Clinical Method:- Introduction • Definition •objectives• methods • advantages •disadvantages
Dietary Method:- Introduction • Definition • objectives• methods • advantages •disadvantages
Indirect assessment
Food balance sheet:-  Introduction • Definition • objectives • methods • advantages •disadvantages
         Ecological parameters:-  Introduction • Definition •objectives • methods • advantages •disadvantages
         Vital statistics:-  Introduction • Definition • objectives  • methods • advantages •disadvantages
Must Know

  • Definition of nutritional assessment
  • Methods of nutritional assessment
  • Definition of sampling techniques
  • Direct method of nutritional assessment i.e. ABCD method
  • In Direct method of nutritional assessment

Desirable to know

  • Importance of nutritional assessment
  • Advantages and disadvantages of methods in both direct and indirect method
  • Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load

Nice to know

  • Objectives of nutritional assessment
  • Definition of risk groups
  • Examples of ABCD methods

10hrs

 

Module 5

Nutrition of a Community:-
Introduction•  Definition of community nutrition • role of nutrition in community development• methods of improving nutritional quality
Modern Methods of Improving Nutritional Quality:-
Food Fortification:- definition• methods •          advantages • disadvantages
       Nutrient Supplementations:- introduction • types of supplement • advantages • disadvantages
Nutrition education themes and messages in nutrition and health,
Antenatal Care:- definition • importance • objectives • methods• nutrition education
Postnatal Care. :- definition • importance • objectives • methods• nutrition education
Must Know

  • Introduction to community
  • Definition of community nutrition
  • Introduction to food fortification
  • Introduction to Antenatal and Post natal care
  • Definition of nutrition education

Desirable to know

  • Role of nutrition in community development
  • Difference between food fortification and food supplementation
  • Advantages and disadvantages of methods used for improving the nutritional quality of food
  • Methods of imparting nutrition education at individual, community and large population

Nice to know

  • Role of nutritionist in community
  • Various methods of improving nutrition
  • Advantages and disadvantages of each method of nutrition education

10 hrs

 

Module 6

Nutritional and infection relationship:-
Introduction• Definition • relationship between nutrition & infection
Immunization
Introduction • classification • precaution • target group • importance • nutritional care
Food borne infection  and intoxication diseases:-
Introduction • definition• classification • role of microorganisms• foods involved • target group • intoxication diseases • signs & symptoms •prevention of disease • nutritional care
Infestation of food borne diseases :-
Definition• classification •prevalence • risk factor • causes • Outbreak•signs & symptoms • Prevention •control of infection • dietary modification
Must Know

  • Introduction to infection
  • Relationship between nutrition and infection
  • Definition of immunization
  • Introduction to food borne illness

Desirable to know

  • Classification of immunization
  • Causes & signs & symptoms of food borne illness
  • Difference between food borne illness and food intoxication

Nice to know

  • Metabolic changes occur during infection
  • Microorganisms causing various food borne diseases
  • Nutrition education method to prevent food borne illnesses in community

15 hrs

 

Module 7

National and International agencies in uplifting the nutritional status
introduction to nutritional program • relationship of health and nutrition• role played by community dietician in various nutritional programs • role of dietician in community
National Program related to nutrition:- Nutritional problems in India • Nutritional Programs in India
Vitamin A Deficiency program :- introduction • target group • objectives • activities
National Iodine deficiency disorders (IDD) program :- introduction • target group • objectives • factors contributing to the progress of IDD program
SLP:- introduction • target group • objectives • factors contributing to the progress of program • activities
Mid-day Meal program :- introduction • target group • objectives • Monitoring mechanism
Integrated child development scheme :- introduction • target group • objectives • ICDS team  •services
National & International Agencies: –
     CFTRI:- introduction  • mission • vision • objectives  • functions •policies
NIN:- introduction  • mission • vision • objectives  • functions •policies
FAO:- introduction  • mission • vision • objectives  • functions •policies
NIPCCD:- introduction  • mission • vision • objectives  • functions •policies
CARE:- introduction  • mission • vision • objectives  • functions •policies
WHO:- introduction  • mission • vision • objectives • functions •policies
UNICEF:- introduction  • mission • vision •objectives  • functions •policies
ICMR:- introduction  • mission • vision • objectives  • functions •policies
ICAR:- introduction  • mission • vision • objectives  • functions •policies
CSIR:- introduction  • mission • vision • objectives  • functions •policies
Must Know

  • Introduction to nutritional programs
  • Introduction to National Nutritional anemia prophylaxis program
  • Mid day meal program
  • National Iodine Deficiency Disorder control program
  • Vitamin A Deficiency program
  • Introduction to National & International Agencies

Desirable to know

  • Role of community dietician in nutritional programs
  • Factors affecting nutritional status of a person
  • Mission, vision, objectives & activities of agencies to improve the nutritional status of the community

Nice to know

  • Ministries under which comes different nutritional programs
  • Relationship between health and nutrition
  • Headquarters of different agencies

15hrs

Module 8 Community Nutrition Programme Planning

  • Introduction
  • definition of community nutrition
  • Identification of problem
  • nutritional assessment
  • analysis of causes
  • resources
  • constraints
  • selection of interventions
  • setting a strategy
  • implementations
  • •evaluation of the programme
Must Know

  • Definition of community nutrition
  • Methods of identification of problems
  • Nutritional assessment method s
  • Definition of nutrition education

Desirable to know

  • Causes of nutritional problems
  • Strategies used for implantation of program

10hrs

 

PRACTICAL
1. Diet and nutrition surveys:
(a) Identification of vulnerable and risk groups.
(b) Diet survey for breast-feeding and weaning practices of specific groups.
(c) Use of anthropometric measurement in children.
2. Preparation of visual aids.
3. Field visit to
(a) Observe the working of nutrition and health oriented programmes (survey based result).
(b) Hospitals to observe nutritional deficiencies.
REFERENCE BOOKS:

  • Textbook of Human Nutrition by Agrawal , Udipi
  • Park’s Textbook of Preventive and Social Medicine by Park
  • Principles of Nutritional Assessment by Rosalind S. Gibson
  • DNHE-1 Nutrition for the Community by Anshu Chaturvedi
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