Curriculum | First Semester | M.Sc. Nutrition & Dietetics

SEMESTER-I
PAPER I-RESEARCH METHODS AND STATISTICS I (THEORY)

Total-40 hrs

 

S.No.

 

Contents of the topics

Learning objectives
(At the end of session the student must be able to)
 

Teaching Guidelines
(To cover)

 

Methodology

 

Time

1. The Research Process        Demonstrates scientific approach and know the processes of research.

 

  • Scientific approach to enquiry in comparison to native, common sense approach.Knowledge, theory & research.
  • Role need and scope of research in Nutrition & Dietetics.
  • Introduction to Statistics
  • Definition, conceptual understanding of statistical measures, popular concepts and misuse of statistics.

Didactic lecture with Power point presentation.

8

2. Steps in the Research Process                                                                         Enumerates the competence for selecting methods and tools appropriate for research topics.
  • Identifying interest areas and prioritizing.
  • Selection of the topic and considerations in selection.
  • Review of related literature and research.
  • Concepts, hypotheses and theories
  • Research Design.
  • Research questions, objectives and assumptions.
  • Hypothesis- meaning, attributes of a sound hypothesis, Stating the hypothesis and types of hypothesis, Hypothesis testing- null hypothesis, sample distribution, level of significance, critical regions, Type-I and Type II errors (Hypothesis formations and research questions from Research readings – students identify hypothesis/research questions –Discussion)
  • Variables- types of variables including discrete and continuous variables.
  • Conceptual definitions and operational definitions.

Teachers seminar

8

3. Types of Research                                                                                                Demonstrates difference among the different types of research and exercise to be based on actual research papers published in accredited journals. -Basic and applied research, Qualitative and Quantitative research (brief review of differences)
-Historical research
-Descriptive research methods – survey, case study, correlation study, content analysis, causal-comparative research
-Analytic studies- pre-experimental, experimental research, quasi experimental research
-Qualitative research, ethnography
-Evaluative research- general characteristics, use of qualitative methods in enquiry
 

 

 

Student Seminar

6

 

4. Tools for Data Collection                                                                                    

Explains primary and secondary method of data collection.

 

  • Primary and secondary methods of data collection
  • Unit-2.Different types of questionnaires, rating scales, check lists, schedules, attitude scales, inventories, standardized tests, interviews, observation validity of tools.
  • Procedure for preparation of the tool, administration of tools for data collection.
  • Procedure for data collection specializations.
  • Planning for data analysis-coding of responses.
  • Construction of tools for data collection.

a) types of questions
b) Questionnaire.
c) interview schedule
d) observation scales

Lectures by PowerPoint presentation.

6

5. Normal Distribution and its Properties Demonstrates the concept of normal and binomial distribution.
  • Normal distribution
  • Binomial distribution.
  • Probability, use of normal probability tables, area under normal distribution curve

Didactic lecture with Power point presentation.

 

 

2

6. Sampling Describes the importance of sampling and types with suitable examples.
  • Rationale, characteristics- meaning, concept ofpopulation and sample, and utility.
  • Types of sampling and generalizability of results
  • -Probability sampling- simple random sample, systematic random sample, stratified random sampling etc.-random and non-random samples, random numbers and use
  • Non-probability sampling-purposive samples, incidental samples, quota samples, snowball samples (Based on Journal contents discuss types of Research with Examples)
  • General consideration in determination of sample size
 

Lecture with use of educational films.

5

7. Data Management and Analysis Reproduce the concepts of statistical measures of central tendency, dispersion, variability and probability
.
  • Quantitative analysis, descriptive statistics, inferential statistics: Uses and limitations Summation sign and its properties
  • Proportions, percentages, ratios
  • Measures of central tendency-mean, median, mode arithmetic mean and its uses, mid – range, geometric mean, weighted mean, measures of dispersion /variability- range, variance, standard deviation, standard error, coefficient of variation, Kurtosis, Sleekness (practical aspects of grouped data-frequency distribution, histogram, frequency polygons, percentiles
  • Data Management and Analysis, Frequency distributions, Measures of central tendency, measures of dispersion, variability).
 

Didactic   PowerPoint presentation and Exercises followed with discussion.

5

 


SEMESTER-I
PAPER II-NUTRITIONAL BIOCHEMISTRY           

Total-40 hrs

S. No.

Contents

Learning objectives
(At the end of the training)

Teaching Guidelines

Methodology

Time

1 Membrane structure, composition & Transport across  cell membranes DescribesMembrane structure, its composition & the process of transport across cell membranes. To cover the topic-

  • Introduction to membrane structures
  • Composition of membrane structures
  • Transport process across cell membranes
 

Lectures
With Power point presentation

   2

2 Acid base balance and its regulation To introduce students to know Acid, Base and its regulation in human body. To cover the topic-

  • Introduction
  • Acid, Base & PH
  • Acid base regulation in human body

Student seminar

   2

3 Carbohydrate Metabolism

 

To manifests students about the various aspect of carbohydrate metabolism, transport of glucose across various cells, its cellular metabolism & regulation of carbohydrate metabolism at substrate, enzyme, hormonal & organ level and disorder associated with it. To cover the topic-

  • Introduction
  • Intestinal transport of carbohydrates.
  • Transport of glucose across various cells.
  • Cellular metabolism of carbohydrates.
  • Glycogen metabolism
  • Regulation of carbohydrate metabolism at substrate level, enzyme level, hormonal level and organ level.
  • Disorders of carbohydrate metabolism.
  • Definition, classification, structure and properties of glycoprotein &  Proteoglycans.

Video presentation.

 

 

6

4 Metabolism of Lipids To make able the student to demonstrates various aspects of lipid metabolism, its transport, cellular metabolism, regulation at substrate, enzyme, hormonal & organ level and associated disorders. To cover the topic- Introduction

  • Intestinal transport of lipids.
  •  Cellular uptake & metabolism of lipids (beta-oxidation, synthesis and breakdown of unsaturated fatty acids, cholesterol, phospholipids & triacylglycerol)
  • Lipoprotein metabolism, VLDL and LDL (‘Forward’ Cholesterol transport) VLDL and LDL (Endogenous TAG transport), HDL (‘Reverse’ Cholesterol transport)
  •  Regulation of lipid metabolism at substrate level, enzyme level, hormonal level and organ level.
  • Disorders of lipid metabolism, Dyslipidemia, Lipid storage diseases.
 

Teachers seminar

 

 

 

 

6

5 Protein Metabolism
4-5

 

To impart the knowledge of various aspect of protein metabolism and associated disorders.
  • Introduction
  • Metabolism of amino acids
  • Biosynthesis & catabolism glucose and ketone bodies, protein, amino acids, non-protein amino acids (urea cycle, transamination, one-carbon metabolism)
  • Creatine and creatinine
  • Plasma proteins – Nature, properties and functions.
  • Biologically active peptides, polypeptides and transport proteins
  • Inborn errors of amino acid metabolism.
 

Lectures
With Power point presentation

 

 

8

6 Intermediary Metabolism At the end of the session student must be able to: Describes various intermediary metabolic cycles.
  • Introduction
  • Starve-feed cycle.
  • Caloric homeostasis & futile cycles.
  • Tricarboxylic acid cycle
  • Biological Oxidation
  • Electron transport chain
  • Oxidative  phosphorylation.

Video presentation

 

4

7 Biochemical aspects of purine and pyrimidines Illustrates about the biochemical aspects of purine & pyrimidines.
  • Metabolism of purines
  • Metabolism of pyrimidines
  • Role of purine & pyrimidine nucleotides in metabolism

Lectures with Power point presentations

 

4

8 Biochemistry of Nucleic Acids

 

At the end of the session student must be able to: Describes various aspects of biochemistry of Nucleic acids. To cover the topic-Biochemistry of DNA

  • Biochemistry of RNAs
  • DNA replication
  •  Concepts of mutation, repair &  recombination
  • Disorders of nucleic acid metabolism
 

Video  presentation

 

4

9 Enzymes Impart knowledge of enzymes and related metabolic aspects. To cover the topic- Introduction

  • Kinetics of mono-substrate and bi-substrate catalyzed reactions (including inhibition)
  • Enzyme specificity
  • Regulation of enzyme activity
  • Enzyme synthesis
  • Enzymes in clinical diagnosis
  • Enzyme detoxification in the body
  • Metabolism of  xenobiotics, Free radicals, ROS & oxidative damage
 

Student seminars

 

4

Practical                                                                                                             Total-20 hrs

  • Determination of pH(in acids, alkalis and buffers using pH meter and indicators).
  • Colorimeter-calibration graph
  • Separation Technique-Chromatography(paper and column),Centrifugation and Electrophoresis
  • Estimation of Hb by Cyanmethoemoglobin method or Sahl’s method.
  • Estimation of fat (centrifugation or soxhlet method)
  • Estimation of proteins(by kjeldahl method)
  • Estimation of fibre.
  • Estimation of ash
  • Estimation of moisture
  • Estimation of ascorbic acid(titrimetric/ colorimetric method/)
  • Estimation of calcium (titrimetric method/)
  • Estimation of iron(wong’s method)
  • Lipid profile in given blood sample
  • Study the principle and working of Glucometer

 

References:

  • Murray, R.K., Granner, D.K., Mayes, P.A. and Rodwell, V.W. (2000): 25th Ed. Harpers Biochemistry. Macmillan Worth Publishers.
  • Nelson, D.L. and Cox, M.M. (2000): 3rd Ed. Lehninger’s Principles of Biochemistry, Macmillan Worth Publishers.
  • Devlin, T.M. (1997): 4th Ed. Text book of Biochemistry with Clinical Correlations, Wiley Liss Inc
  • Stryer, L. (1998): 4th Ed. Biochemistry, WH Freeman and Co.
  • Conn, E.E., Stumpf, P.K., Bruening, G. and Doi, R.H. (2001): 5th Ed. Outlines of Biochemistry, John Wiley and Sons.
  • Voet, D. Voet, J.G. and Pratt, C.W. (1999). Fundamentals of Biochemistry.
  • Tietz, N.W. (1976) Fundamentals of Clinical Chemistry. WB Saunders Co.
  • King, E.J. and Wootton, I.D.P. (1956). 3rd ed. Micro-Analysis in Medical Biochemistry. J and A Churchill Ltd.
  • Plummer, D.T. (1987). 3rd ed. An Introduction to Practical Biochemistry. McGraw-Hill Book Co.

 

SEMESTER-I

PAPER III-ADVANCED NUTRITION-I 

Total-40 hrs

S.
No.
Contents Learning objectives
(At the end of session the student must be able to

Teaching Guidelines
(To cover)

Methodology Time
1. Human Nutritional Requirements – Development and Recent Concepts. Introduces the basis human nutritional requirements and recommendations through the life cycle
  • Methods determining human nutrient needs,
  • Description of basic terms and concepts in relation to human nutritional requirements, guidelines and recommendation,
  • Development of International and National Nutritional Requirements,
  • Translation of nutritional requirements into Dietary Guidelines
Lecture, PowerPoint presentation and Exercises followed with discussion 4
2 Body Composition                                                                                                  Demonstrates body composition and related terms
  • Significance of body composition and changes through the life cycle
  •  Methods for assessing body composition (both classical and recent) and their applications.
Video presentation. 3
3 Energy   
Enumerates the major concepts underlying the energy.
  • Components of energy requirements: BMR, RMR, thermic effect of feeding, physical activity.
  • Factors affecting energy requirements, methods of measuring energy expenditure.
  • Estimating energy requirements of individuals and groups.
  •  Regulation of energy metabolism and body weight: Control of food intake – role of leptin and other hormones.

 

 

Teachers seminar

 

5

4 Carbohy-drates   Describes the nutritional significance of carbohydrates  and changing trends in dietary intake
  • Dietary fibre Types, sources, role and mechanism of action
  • Resistant starch, fructo-oligosaccharides, other  oligosaccharides: Chemical  composition and physiological, Significance
  •  Glycemic Index and glycemic load
  • Carbohydrates and gene expression
Student seminar 6
5 Proteins  To manifests nutritional significance of proteins in the body.
  • the overview of role of muscle, liver and G.I tract in protein metabolism
  • Amino acid and peptide transporters
  • Therapeutic applications of specific amino acids
  • Peptides of physiological significance
  • Proteins, amino acids and gene expression
 

Lecture with PowerPoint presentation

6
6 Lipids Enumerates the common health effects associated with lipids.
  • Nutritional significance of fatty acids – SFA,MUFA,PUFA functions and  deficiency
  •  Role of n-3 and n-6 fatty acids
  • Prostaglandins
  •  Trans fatty acids,  conjugated linoleic acid, Nutritional Requirements and dietary guidelines (International and National) for      visible and invisible fats in diets.
  • Lipids and gene expression
Lecture using posters 6
7 Macro minerals: Calcium and Phosphorus To demonstrates the physiological and metabolic role of macro minerals. History, structure, sources, absorption, transport, utilization, storage, excretion, functions, bioavailability, requirements and RDA, deficiency, toxicity, assessment of status and alteration in requirements in various clinical and metabolic disorders. Educational video clip 2
8 Vitamin A, Vitamin E, Vitamin K, Vitamin D                                                                                                                                  Gain in-depth knowledge of the physiological and metabolic role of fat-soluble vitamins and their importance in human nutrition. History, structure, sources, absorption, transport, utilization, storage, excretion, functions, bioavailability, requirements and RDA, deficiency, toxicity, assessment of status and alteration in requirements in various clinical and metabolic disorders. Teachers seminar 4
9 Nutrition in Special Conditions Describes the role of nutrition in special conditions Space Travel, High
Altitudes, Low Temperature and Submarines.

Power Point presentation

2

REFERENCE BOOKS:

1. Nutrition and Dietetics  Sharda Gupta, Santosh Jain Passi, Rama Seth, Ranjana Mahna & Seema Puri Kumud Khanna (Author)

2014

2. Krause’s Food & the Nutrition Care Process (Krause’s Food & Nutrition Therapy),13e  Mahan

2011

3. Biochemical, Physiological, and Molecular Aspects of Human Nutrition, 3e by Martha H. Stipanuk PhD Marie A. Caudill

2012

4. Modern Nutrition in Health and Disease Maurice Edward Shils, Moshe Shike, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

 2006


SEMESTER-I
Paper IV- NUTRITION MANAGEMENT-I

Total 40 hrs

 

S.No.

 

Contents

Learning objectives
(At the end of session the student must be able to)
 

Teaching Guidelines
(To cover)

 

Methodology

 

Time

1. Nutritional (and dietary) care Process -Describes the processes involved in nutritional care.
-Explains  how to evaluate the nutritional status of an individual.
-Plan, implement and evaluate nutritional care based on the assessment.
Health depending on the state of growth & development of the individual – at various activity levels and socioeconomic status
-Nutritional screening/ assessment and identification of nutritional problem.
-Nutritional Intervention and Diet Modification based on interpretation      nutrition Education and Counselling
-Nutrition Monitoring and Evaluation

Dlecture with Power point presentation.

3

2. Exchange list as a tool in planning diets Explain exchange list and method for planning of nutrition chart -Recommended dietary allowance (RDA)
-Food pyramid
-Use of exchange list
– Advantages and limitations of exchange list

PowerPoint presentation and Exercises followed with discussion

2

3. Nutrition for weight management -Enumerates the guidelines for calculating the Ideal Body Weight(IBW) -Etiology and disorders of energy Balance
-Obesity Components of body weight Adipose tissue structure, regional distribution and storage.                  

Teaching with the use of posters

5

 

4. Regulation of body weight
1.Obesity
2.Underweight
3.Eating disorders:
-Anorexia Nervosa
-Bulimia Nervosa.
-Explain the importance of maintain a desirable weight throughout the life.
-Describes the causative factors, prevention and treatment of various conditions related to weight management   (such as obesity, underweight).
-Define eating disorders and plan for the nutritional management of these disorders.
-Types of obesity Assessment of obesity Health risks, causes of obesity: neural, hormonal, and psychological, Management of obesity
– Dietary Modification: past and present approach
– Maintenance of Reduced weight,
-Underweight/Excessive Leanness                     
-Causes and assessment
-Health risks
-Dietary Management
-Eating disorder not otherwise specified(EDNOS): Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia Nervosa.

  • Nutritional management of eating disorders
 

 

 

Teachers seminar

7

4. Nutrition in Fever and Infectious
1.Thyphoid
2.Tuberculosis
3.Malaria
-Demonstrates the various defence mechanisms in the body.
-Explains the relationship between nutrition and infection
-Differentiate between acute and chronic infections
-Identify the symptoms and their physiological significance.
-Describes  the dietary management of acute and chronic infections
-Defence mechanism in the body
-Nutrition and infection
-Metabolic changes during infection
-Classification and etiology of fever/infection                                                                   -Acute and chronic fever nutritional management:

  • typhoid,
  • tuberculosis and
  • malaria.

Student seminar

3

5. Nutrition therapy for Upper Gastrointestinal tract Diseases/
Disorders
Enumerates the principles of nutritional management in different disorders and diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
-Describes the modification of the regular or normal diet to suit these disease conditions.
a) Physiology and Nutritional care and diet therapy in
i) Diseases of esophagus; esophagitis, Hiatus hernia
ii) Disorders of stomach: Gastritis, Gastric
and duodenal ulcers
– Management: associated with H. pylori infection, NSAIDS,
Dietary management: traditional approach and liberal Approach

Lectures with PowerPoint presentation

 

 

 

2

6. Nutrition therapy for Lower gastrointestinal tract Diseases/
Disorders      
a) Common Symptoms of Intestinal dysfunction.
b) Diseases of the large intestine
c)Malabsorption Syndrome/ Diseases of Small intestine
d) Intestinal surgery

 

-Introduces the disease conditions, causes, complications of the disorders of the lower gastrointestinal tract.
-Discuss the effect of diseases on normal functioning of the gastrointestinal tract.
  • Flatulence,
  •  constipation,
  •  diarrhoea

 

  • Diverticular disease,
  • Irritable bowel syndrome,
  •  Inflammatory bowel disease
  • Celiac (Gluten –induced) sprue,
  • tropical sprue,
  • intestinal brush border enzyme deficiencies,
  • Lactose intolerance,
  • protein- losing  enteropathy.
  • Short bowel syndrome,
  • Ileostomy, Colostomy,
  • Rectal surgery.
 

Use of motion pictures/educational films

5

7. Nutrition therapy for Diseases of the Hepato – Biliary Tract 

  • Viral hepatitis
  • Liver cirrhosis
  • Hepatic encephalopathy
  1. Wilson’s disease
  2. Billary dyskinesia
  3. Cholelithiasis
  4. Cholecystitis and cholecystectomy
  5. Zollinger- Ellison syndrome
-Describes the numerous functions of the liver, gall bladder and pancreas.
– Explain the disease conditions of these organs and how the functioning of these organs are compromised in various disease conditions.
-Elaborates on the principles involved in the nutritional and dietary management of these disorders.
a) Nutritional care in liver disease in context with results of specific function tests liver-Dietary care and management in viral hepatitis (different types), cirrhosis of liver, hepatic encephalopathy, Wilson’s disease.
b) Dietary care and management in diseases of the gall bladder and pancreas i.e. billary dyskinesia, cholelithiasis, cholecystitis, cholecystectomy, pancreatitis, Zollinger- Ellison syndrome
 

Lectures with PowerPoint presentation

5

8. Delivery of Nutritional Support -Emphasizes on the different modes of feeding. Meeting nutritional needs
a) Enteral tube Feeding
b) Parenteral Nutrition

hospital visits and demonstration by video

2

 

Reference Books:

1. TB Pre-School Children: Development, Care and Education Chowdhury, Adarajita 2002
2. TB Dietetic Srilakshmi, B. 2014
3. TB Nutrition Science Srilakshmi, B. 2012
4.. TB Principles of Nutritional Assessment Rosalind S. Gibson 2005

Journals and Other Reference Series
1. Nutrition Update Series
2. World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
3. Journal of the American Dietetic Association
4. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
5. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
6. Nutrition Review



SEMESTER-I

Paper IV- NUTRITION MANAGEMENT-I PRACTICAL

Total-20 hrs

S.No.

Contents

Practical

1.

Market survey of commercial nutritional supplements
and nutritional support substrates

2

2.

Nutritional (and dietary) care Process A) in health depending on the state of growth & development of the individual at various activity levels and socioeconomic status.

 

2

3.

Exchange list as a tool in planning diets                                                        
-Interpretation of patient data and diagnostic tests and drawing up of patient diet prescription, using a case study approach.
– Follow up – acceptability of diet prescription, compliance, discharge diet plan for each of the diseases listed below.

 

2

4

Nutrition for weight management: Disorders of energy balance
A. Obesity, Assessment of obesity, Management of obesity
B. Underweight– Assessment, – Dietary Management

 

3

5.

Nutrition in Fever and Infectious Diseases                                                   
Nutritional management: typhoid, tuberculosis

 

3

6.

Nutrition therapy for Upper Gastrointestinal tract Diseases /Disorders   
a) Physiology and Nutritional care and diet therapy  b) Disorders of stomach: Gastric and duodenal ulcers

2

7.

Nutrition therapy for Lower gastrointestinal tract Diseases/Disorders
a)  Intestinal dysfunction – Constipation
b) Diseases of large intestine: Irritable bowel syndrome

 

2

8.

NT for Diseases of the Hepato – Biliary Tract
– Dietary care and management in viral hepatitis (different types) , cirrhosis of liver,
-Dietary care and management in diseases of the gall bladder and pancreas i.e. cholelithiasis, pancreatitis,

 

4

 



SEMESTER-I

PAPER V- PHYSIOLOGY AND METABOLISM IN DISEASE

Total-40 hrs

 

S.No.

 

Contents

Learning objectives
(At the end of session the student should be able to)
 

Teaching Guidelines
(To cover)

 

Methodology

 

Time

1. Basic concepts of physiology and metabolism of Adaptation -Demonstrates the body systems.
-Explains the structure of cell,cell cycle and cell division.
-Describes the cell functions.
-Enumerates the different body fluids essential to maintain body homeostasis.
–Explain the role of metabolism, immunity etc., in contributing to growth and development.
-Differentiate between the innate and specific acquired immunity.
-Altered cellular and tissue biology-

  • Cell: The basic unit of life, structure of the cell.
  • Cell cycle-how cells join together, body systems.
  • Tissue and their functions
  • physiology of growth and development

– Fluid and electrolyte, acids and bases
-Immunity(the immune system)

  • Non-specific and specific defence mechanism.
  • Innate and specific acquired immunity.

-Inflammation
-Hypersensitivity, infection and Immunodeficiency
Unit 6. Stress and Disease

Didactic lecture with  Power point presentation.

6

2. Cellular Proliferation and Cancer To manifests the metabolic changes occurring in cancer.
-Focused on major etiological factors associated with causation of cancer.
Unit 1. Biology of Cancer
Unit 2. Tumor spread

Lecture with educational video

4

3. Endocrine System -Illustrates the gross structure of endocrine glands.
-Describe the role of various endocrine glands in the regulation of body functions.
-Exhibit the effects of over secretion and under secretion of hormones.
-Comprehend the implications of functional interrelationships n a diseased body.
-Hormones, mechanisms of hormone regulation
-Alteration of hormonal regulation
-Endocrine glands

  • Hypo and Hyper functions of Pituitary,
  •  Adrenal  cortex and medulla,
  • Hypo and Hyperthyroidism

-Type I, Type II and other types of Diabetes

Didactic Lectures through PowerPoint presentation

6

 

4. Alterations of Hematologic functions -Explain the composition of blood and its role in our body.
-Exhibit about various blood groups and anemia.
-Enlist the disorders of coagulation and haemostasis.
-To explain and interpret the various diagnostic indicators/parameters.
-Blood and blood composition(the plasma and blood cells
-Erythropoiesis and its regulation
-Blood groups(ABO Blood grouping system and Rh Blood system.
– Haemostasis.
-Anaemia’s and clinical manifestations,

  • Thalasemia,
  • Sickle cell anaemia

Student seminar

3

5. Cardiovascular, lymphatic and pulmonary system -Illustrates the structure of the heart.
-Describes the various functions of the heart.
-Exhibits the common terminologies of blood pressure and heart attack.
-Explain the role of exercise and diet in keeping the heart toned and body fit.
-Design of Cardiovascular system.

  • Heart: the pump
  • Blood vessels: the pipelines.
  • Control of our heart through nerves
  • Control of our blood vessels through nerves.

-Alteration of cardiovascular functions, atherosclerosis, Thrombus, embolus, Dysrhythmias,  Myocardial ischemia, Myocardial infarction, Heart failure, Stroke
-Hypertension(factors affecting blood pressure)
-Dyslipidemias                                                                               -Alterations of pulmonary function- signs and symptoms of pulmonary disease, Asthma and cystic fibrosis.

Teachers seminar

 

 

 

8

6. Renal and Urological Biochemistry and Patho-physiology -Illustrates the structure and describe the functions of the various organs of the urinary system.
-Demonstrate the mechanism of urine formation.
-Explains the non-excretory functions of the kidneys.
-Describes the medical aspects related to the abnormal or non-functioning of the kidney, such as dialysis and renal transplant.

 

-Organs of the urinary system.
-Kidney: Structure and functions
-Gross and microscopic structure of kidney and nephron.
-Functions of kidney(counter current mechanism)
-Ureters
-The Urinary Bladder
-The Urethra
-Constituents and examination of urine
-Renal Function Test,Dialysis
– Alteration of renal and urinary tract function                                                                     4-5
-Urinary tract obstruction, kidney stones.
-Cystic pyelonephritis, glomerulonephritis, nephrotic syndrome, renal failure.
Use of motion pictures, educational films, video tapes

4

7. Digestive system: Biochemistry and Pathophysiology 

 

-Illustrates the structure and describe the functions of different parts of the digestive systems.
-Discuss the secretary and digestive functions of salivary glands, stomach, pancreas,liver and intestines.
-Explain the mechanism of absorption of carbohydrates,  proteins and fats
Description of gastrointestinal tract.

  • Mouth
  • Salivary Glands
  • The Pharynx
  • The Oesophagus
  • The Stomach
  • The Stomach
  • The Pancreas
  • The Liver and Biliary System
  • The Small and Large Intestine
  • Absorption and utilization of carbohydrates, proteins and fats

– Manifestations of gastrointestinal dysfunction,
-Acute and chronic gastritis, Ulcers
-Malabsorption syndrome
-Pancreatic insufficiency and Pancreatitis
-Liver dysfunction, Hepatitis, Cirrhosis,  Cholelithiasis
-Ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s disease

 

Teaching with the use of picture slides

5

8. Musculoskeletal system-Biochemistry -To reveals the physiological changes, tissues and systems in different disease conditions across the lifespan.
-To apply this knowledge for planning nutritional care of individuals.
Pathophysiology,

  • Osteoporosis,
  • Osteomalacia,
  • Osteoarthritis

Demonstration by video

2

 

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