Curriculum | Diploma Radio-Imaging Technology | Second Year

DRIT –2

Paper-1

Paper Code-0502201

SPECIAL INVESTIGATIONS & PATHOLOGY

Topic Learning outcomes(At the end of the training program student should be able to) Teaching Guidelines Teaching Methods Hrs
Patient preparation for Special procedure and related contrast Media Explain indication, contraindication and reactions of contrast media Contrastmedia, types of contrast media, contra indications for contrast media, reactions to contrast, anaphylactic shock, Myocardial Infarction. Emergency in Radiology Department, emergency drugs and its dose. Dedicated lectures
Demonstrations
Seminars
Group discussions
Tutorials

14

Excretory System: Demonstrate how to take in minimum numbers of exposures in each special investigation Introduction, pathology of urinary system, indications, apparatus,procedure and patient care.
Intravenous pyelography / Intra venous Urography, Retrograde, Urethrography, Micturation, Cysto-Urethrography, Percutaneous nephorostomy
Dedicated lectures
Demonstrations
Seminars
Group discussions
Tutorials

14

Biliary tree Demonstrate the positioning and technique of the special studies. Introduction, pathology of biliary tree, indications, apparatus, procedureand patient care. Oral Cholecystography, Percutaneous Transhepatic Cholangiography, T-Tube Cholangiography, Bronchography, Arthrograpgy, Myelography, Dacrocystography (DCG), Endoscopic Retrograde CholangioPancreatography, sialography Dedicated lectures
Demonstrations
Tutorials

12

G.I.Tract Explain the technique of all GIT study according to investigation Introduction, pathology of GI tract, indications, apparatus, procedure andpatient care
Barium Swallow, Barium Meal Study, Small bowel Enema, Barium meal Follow Through, Barium Enema, Double Contrast Studies,
Gastrograffin study
Dedicated lectures
Demonstrations
Group discussions
Tutorials

14

Introduction, Indications, Contraindications, Apparatus, Procedure technique and Patient Care: Demonstrate surface anatomy.

To be able to know the technique behind the radiography

Hysterosalpingography (HSG),
High K.V Technique, Soft tissue Radiography, Air gap technique,
Forensic Radiography, Foreign bodies Radiography, Theatre Radiography,Radiography in Emergency Room, Macroradiography
Conventional Tomography
Dedicated lectures
Demonstrations
Group discussions
Tutorials

12

 

MRI, CT, USG

 

Enumerate the related anatomy Imaging techniques related pathology including cross sectional anatomy Dedicated lectures
Tutorials

14

DRIT –2

Paper-1

PRACTICAL

Paper Code-0502201

SPECIAL INVESTIGATIONS & PATHOLOGY

Topic
  1. Radiography in various positions for all the special radiological procedures, using contrast media

 

  1. Identification of various films for all the special radiological procedures, using contrastmedia and related pathologies

DRIT –2

Paper-2

Paper Code-0502202

ULTRASOUND, MAMMOGRAPHY &
ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY

Topic Learning outcomes(At the end of the training program student should be able to) Teaching Guidelines Teaching Methods Hrs
Mammography Perform the procedure of mammography scanning Dedicated mammographic unit and its special features, MammographicPositioning and technical considerations, film screen mammography, digital mammography Dedicated lectures
Demonstrations
Seminars
Group discussions
Tutorials

8

Ultrasound Enumerate the principle of USG equipment.

Explain the types of transducers and its uses according to scan.

Demonstrate the switches and knobs of USG equipment

Principle & history of Ultrasound, advantages and disadvantages ofultrasound, Types of Ultrasound, Equipment description,
Indication and Clinical Application, Physics of ultrasound imaging, Physics of transducers, Physics of Doppler, Ultrasound tissue characterization, Potential for three dimensional ultrasound, Artifacts in ultrasound, Comparison of ultrasound equipment Computerization of data, Image recording, Ultrasound jelly & Safety of ultrasound.
Dedicated lectures
Demonstrations
Seminars
Group discussions
Tutorials

12

Abdomen and pelvis ultrasound Demonstrate the patient preparation of USG scans. Pathologies and indications, patient preparation,positioning and scanning technique. Dedicated lectures
Demonstrations
Tutorials

10

Neck  

 

 

 

Demonstrate and Explain the patient preparation of USG scans.

Pathologies and indications, patient preparation, positioning and scanningtechnique. Dedicated lectures
Demonstrations
Tutorials

18

Orbit Pathologies and indications, patient preparation, positioning and scanningtechnique.

10

Submandibular gland Pathologies and indications, patient preparation, positioning andscanning technique.

12

Thorax Pathologies and indications, patient preparation, positioning and scanningtechnique

10

Breast Pathologies and indications, patient preparation, positioning and scanningtechnique.

8

Scrotum Pathologies and indications, patient preparation, positioning and scanningtechnique

12

Color Doppler imaging.
The obstetric Ultrasound examination
Demonstrate the patient preparation of USG scans.

Explain how to handle the register, consent forms filling of under act of PC & PNDT  patient’s scans

Method of gynecologic ultrasound examination,Assessment of Normal fetal growth, fetal behavior states, fetal breathing movements, fetal cardiac activity. Dedicated lectures

Demonstrations

Seminars

10

USG Contrast Media Explain physiology behind the USG contrast media Types of Ultrasound Contrast media and its advantages Dedicated lectures
Demonstrations
Group discussions

18

Echocardiography: Explain patient preparation. Introduction, indication and image formation. Uses of color Dopplerin echocardiography and equipment description with transducer. Dedicated lectures
Demonstrations

10

DRIT –2

Paper-2

Paper Code-0502202

ULTRASOUND, MAMMOGRAPHY &

ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY

PRACTICAL
USG: Equipment, Transducer, Applications of various procedures in well-equipped Hospitalsand Diagnostic Centers
Patient Preparation for ultrasound whole abdomen, upper abdomen, lower abdomen (pelvis), Obstetrics (pregnancy) Level- I & II
Contrast media in USG
Imaging of mammography, positioning, all views, operation of mammography equipment,types of film and screen in mammography.
Echocardiography: Indication and image formation. Uses of color Doppler inechocardiography and equipment description with transducer

DRIT –2

Paper-3

Paper Code-0502203

CT-BASIC PRINCIPLE AND TECHNIQUES

Topic Learning outcomes(At the end of the training program student should be able to) Teaching Guidelines Teaching Methods Hrs
C.T.Scan: Demonstrate surface anatomy, MSK, Vascular and cardiopulmonary system. Basic principle of CT scan, history of CT Scan, EMI, advantages anddisadvantages, Equipment description. Dedicated lectures
Demonstrations
Seminars
Group discussions
Tutorials
8
Computed Tomography: Enumerate- distinguish all types of bones, joints and connective tissue Scanning principle, Image acquisition, Image reconstruction,Image manipulation, Image display and documentation, Scanning parameters. Dedicated lectures
Demonstrations
Seminars
Group discussions
Tutorials
10
Generation of CT Scanner, Explain the history and generations Advantages and disadvantages. Dedicated lectures
Seminars
Group discussion
12
NCCT & CECT Perform the scan and Demonstrate all technical aspects and protocols Brain, Face, Sinuses, Neck, Mastoid, Temporal Bone (HRCT), Pituitary, IAC, Thorax (Routine & HRCT), Abdomen, Pelvis, Extremities: Indications. Contraindications, Patient preparation, Protocols and patient care. Dedicated lectures Demonstration
Seminars
Group discussions
Tutorials
20
Artefacts Explain different types of Artefacts and correction CT Scanner artefactsand their correction. Dedicated lectures Demonstration
Group discussions
Tutorials
8
Contrast media used in CT Perform contrast scans &calculate contrast dose as per patient and management of contrast reaction. Dose, indications, contra indications and adverseeffects. Emergency drugs stored in CT scan room Dedicated lectures, Demonstration
Seminars
Group discussions
Tutorials
10
Quality assurance and quality control Demonstrate the QA and QC doing himself and take care of QA & QC papers Purpose, Benefit and record maintaining or QA & QC Dedicated lectures, Demonstration
Seminars
Group discussions
Tutorials
12

DRIT –2
Paper-3

Paper Code-0502203

CT-BASIC PRINCIPLE AND TECHNIQUES

PRACTICAL

  1. Physics, scanning principle and image formation in CT
  2. Identification of different parts of CT scanner
  3. Applications of various procedures in well-equipped Hospitals and Diagnostic Centers
  4. Quality control of CT

DRIT –2

Paper-4

Paper Code-0502204

MRI-BASIC PRINCIPLE AND TECHNIQUES

Topic Learning outcomes(At the end of the training program student should be able to) Teaching Guidelines Teaching Methods Hrs
MRI Enumerate the principle and hardware of the equipment. History of MRI, Magnetism, Basic Principle, hardware etc Dedicated lectures
Demonstrations
Group discussions
Tutorials
12
Contrast media Explain the dose of contrast media. Types of Contrast agents used in MRI Dedicated lectures
Demonstrations
Group discussions
Tutorials
10
Imaging Instrumentation Demonstrate how to take good quality of image Physical and physiological basis of magnetic relaxation,Image contrast and noise Dedicated lectures, Demonstration
Group discussions
Tutorials
10
Basic pulse sequences Perform the scan &Should know the principle of protocol Spin Echo, Inversion Recovery, Gradient Echo Dedicated lectures, Demonstration
Group discussions
Tutorials
12
Bio-effects and safety in MRI Demonstrate the patient care in MRI Hazards, Bio-effects and safety in MRI. Dedicated lectures, Demonstration
Group discussions
Tutorials
10
MRI (Plain & Contrast) Enumerate technical aspects, protocol and planning techniques for all scans Brain, Face, Sinuses, Neck, Mastoids, Pituitary, Salivary gland, IAC, Thorax, Abdomen, Pelvis, Whole Spine, Extremities: Indications. Contraindications, Patient preparation, Protocols and patient care. Dedicated lectures, Demonstration
Group discussions
Tutorials
12
Artefacts Enumerate all types of artefacts and its correction Artefacts in MRIand their correction.

 

Dedicated lectures, Demonstration
Seminars
Group discussions
Tutorials
14

DRIT –2

Paper-4

Paper Code-0502204

MRI-BASIC PRINCIPLE AND TECHNIQUES

PRACTICAL:

  1. Physics, scanning principle and image formation in MRI
  2. Identification of different parts of MR scanner
  3. Applications of various procedures in well-equipped Hospitals and Diagnostic Centers

 

DRIT –2

Paper-5

Paper Code-0502205

RADIATION HAZARDS & RADIATION PROTECTION

Topic Learning outcomes(At the end of the training program student should be able to) Teaching Guidelines Teaching Methods Hrs
Radiation protection Enumerate the guidelines of all respective organization. Principles, history & development- National & internationalagencies, AERB, BARC, ICRP, WHO, IAEA and their role. Equivalent dose- effective dose Sievert- rem. Sources of radiation-natural man made & internal exposures. Dedicated lectures
Demonstrations
Group discussions
Tutorials
18
Biological effects of radiation Enumerate the risk and effects of the radiation. Effects on cell-stochastic & deterministic effects-radiation risk-tissues at risk-genetic, somatic& fetus risk-risk at other industries. Does equivalent limits philosophy-ICRP (60) AERB guidelines. Dedicated lectures
Demonstrations
Seminars
Group discussions
Tutorials
12
Planning of radiation installation-protection primary & secondaryradiation Label & Demonstrate how to use and care of all types of lead aprons Leakage andscattered radiation. Concepts of workload use factor occupancy factor & distance. Barrier design barrier materials-concrete, brick & lead. Primary & secondary barrier design calculations. Design of doors. Control of radiation-effects of time distance and shielding. Dedicated lectures, Demonstration
Seminars
Group discussions
Tutorials
10
Personnel monitoring systems Demonstrate the handling and how to use TLD’s and badges as per guidelines Principle and objective-film badge: guidelines for usethermo luminescent dosimeter badge-pocket dosimeter. Area monitoring and radiation survey Practical use of survey meter, zone monitors and phantoms. Survey in x-ray, fluoroscopy and CT scan units. Dedicated lectures,
Group discussions
Tutorials
8
AERB safety code and ethics Enumerate how to work as per the AERB safety guideline in clinical setup. Built in safety specifications for diagnostic x-ray,fluoroscopy and CT units, Specifications for radiation protection devices-room layout. Operational safety-Radiation protection programme- Personnel requirements and responsibilities-regulatory controls. Dedicated lectures, Demonstration
Seminars
Group discussions
Tutorials
8
Patient protection-Safe work practice in diagnostic radiology Demonstrate radiation protection and patient care Radiation absorbeddose from general dental fluoroscopy x-ray and CT examinations-X-ray examinations during pregnancy x-ray examinations associated with illness, not associated with illness-medico-legal or insurance purpose x-ray examination-medical research x-ray avoidance of unnecessary radiation dose. Dedicated lectures, Demonstration
Seminars
Group discussions
Tutorials
16
Radiation emergencies- situation handling Enumerate radiation emergencies &radiation protection and patient care Safety and prevention-legal requirementsrecent developments in radiation safety related topics. Dedicated lectures, Demonstration
Seminars
Tutorials
8

PRACTICAL

 

  1. Knowledge of all hazards, education of general Public by posters and seminars
  2. Safety of women and children , pregnant women, safety of patient attendants, radiation workers and hospital staff, checking of lead aprons, leakage radiation from tube head, radiation survey in and around X – ray installation.
  3. Use of TLD film badges, GM counters, Scintillation detectors, Liquid scintillator, Pocket dosimeters and use of protective devices etc. Keeping of dose records of radiation workers, steps after high exposure report and investigations.
  4. Biological effects of radiation- The cell effect of ionizing radiation on cell. Somatic effects and hereditary effect. Stochastic and deterministic effect.

Quality Assurance & Quality Control

  1. Quality control tests for X-ray unit.
  2. Quality control tests for radiation leakage
  3. Quality control tests for cassettes
  4. Quality control tests for radiation shielding devices.

 

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