Curriculum | Bachelor of Optometry | Third Year

B. Sc. Optometry 3rd Year

Paper-1 Dispensing optics 

60 hours

S. No Topic

Learning Objective
[At the end of the program student should be able to]

Teaching Guidelines Teaching Methodology Hours
1 Ophthalmic lenses Describe Plastic Lenses, Glass lenses, Polycarbonate lenses, Types of bifocal, Protective lenses, Special types of lenses Manufacturing & Characteristics,  Spherical, Toric, Bifocals, PAL,ghost Images, Best Form lenses, Pantoscopic tilt, Retroscopic tilt and its consequence, Tilting of lens, Achromatic, Ashperic. Lenticular, High Index Lenses, prism lenses, Photochromatic Lenses, Polaroid Lenses, Tinted Lenses, ARC lenses, Hard coat lenses, U V protective lenses, Balance lens, optical centre, Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
Demonstration
24 hours
2 Spectacle Frames Enumerate Materials, Shapes, Measurements, Repair of spectacles, Fitting Lenses in Frames, Glazing & Edging of lenses History, Nomenclature, Types & parts, sides, joints, frame bridge Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
Demonstration
20 Hours
3 Test chart standards, Refraction room Standards, Projection Charts, Phoropter Describe Snellen’s chart, Logmar chart How to use different types of chart Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
Demonstration
8 Hours
4 Patient complains and management Enumerate Headache after using spectacles-how to manage Something to be done on the part of optician, Patient Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
Demonstration
8 Hours

 


Paper-2 Contact Lens

60 hours


S. No
Topic

Learning Objective
[At the end of the program student should be able to]

Teaching Guidelines Methodology Hours
1 History of Contact Lens Enumerate Important mile stones in the development of CL Important mile stones in the development of CL Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
Demonstration
4 hours
2 Corneal Anatomy and Physiology Describe Layers of cornea, Oxygen supply, Blinking in relation to CL wear Layers of cornea, Oxygen supply, Blinking in relation to CL wear, Slit Lamp Biomicroscopy Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
16Hours
3 Contact Lens materials Describe salient features of different types of CL materials Characteristics, Advantages, Disadvantages, Dk Value, Optical properties of PMMA, HEMA, CAB Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
4 Hours
4 Glossary of Terms: Contact Lenses Describe different terms used in CL practice Base curve, Total diameter, Optic zone, peripheral curves Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
4 Hours
5 Indications and Contra Indications Contact Lens Enumerate Conditions where CL are better than spectacles Where CL should not be used Myopia, Hypermetropia, Astigmatism, Amblyopia, Anisometropia
Infective, allergic conditions of eyeball
Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
4 Hours
6 Keratometer Describe its parts functioning Parts, How to use, How to increase range, sources of error Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
Demonstration
6 Hours
7 Fitting philosophies Enumerate Flat. Steep and Alignment fitting How to assess fitting of CL, effect of change in parameter on CL fitting Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
4 Hours
8 Astigmatism correction options Describe Fitting of Spherical Soft CL and RGP lenses Toric soft CL, RGP lenses Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
2 Hours
9 Follow-up post fitting examination Describe How to detect any CL wear problem and treat at the earliest Examination under slit lamp, Complaints of patient in relation to CL wear and remedies Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
2 Hours
10 Cosmetic Contact Lenses Describe different types of cosmetic CL Different colors and shades of CL Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
2 Hours
11 CL in Special situations Enumerate how CL wear is different in aphakia, pseudophakia, keratoconus etc from normal CL wear Fitting Contact Lens in children, Aphakia, Pseudophakia, Keratoconus,
Daily wear and extended wear lenses, Therapeutic Lenses/Bandage CL
Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
4 Hours
12 Care & maintenance of Contact Lenses Describe How to take care of CL CL Solutions
Instructions to the patient
Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
2 Hours
13 Verification of parameters Enumerate Measurement of diameter, Base curve, power of CL Measurement of diameter, Base curve, power of CL Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
2 Hours
14 Review of lenses available in India Describe different brands available in Indian market B and L CL, Cooper vision lenses, silk lens Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
4 Hours

 


Paper-3 Eye banks

50 hours

S. No Topic

Learning Objective
[At the end of the program student should be able to]

Teaching Guidelines Methodology Hours
1 Publicity Enumerate How to motivate people for eye donation Prevalence of corneal blindness, need for eye donation Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
10 Hours
2 How to donate your eyes Reproduce How to register, who can register, how to inform eye-bank for eye donation Who can donate eyes
Who cannot donate eyes
What to do after death of near and dear
Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
10 Hours
3 Collection of eyes Enumerate How to enucleate and transport donated eyes Legal formalities required before enucleation, Instrumentation required, method of enucleation, how to transport and use eyes. Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
6 Hours
4 Preservation of eyes Reproduce Methods to preserve eyes Latest techniques for preservation of donor Cornea Short term, long term methods to preserve eyes. Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
10 Hours
5 Pre and post-operative Instructions Enumerate Education of patient before and after eye donation What to do and what not to do before and after surgery Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
4 Hours
6 Human organ transplantation act 1994 Reproduce Basic idea of HOTA 1994 Who can register for HOTA, Procedure for registering with HOTA, Requirements of HOTA, Penalty for violating HOTA Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
10 hours

 


Paper 4. COMMUNITY OPHTHALMOLOGY and Health Legislation

S No Topic

Learning Objective
[At the end of the program student should be able to]

Teaching Guidelines Teaching Methodology Hours
1 Concepts of Community Ophthalmology Enumerate history of public optometry and preventive health care system History of public health
History of public optometry
Organization of health services(primary, secondary, tertiary care)
Public health in India
Concept of preventive and curative health care
Didactic lectures [PPP]
Charts
Seminars
6 hours
2 Epidemiology of blindness Enumerate
Principles and disease specific strategies
Definition of epidemiology, Prevalence, Incidence, control and prevention of disease, principles and disease specific strategies Didactic lectures [PPP]
Charts
Seminars
4 hours
3 National program for control of Blindness Describe Vision 2020 NPCB, DBCS
Mission, aims, goals and objectives of vision 2020
Structure
World Health Assembly resolutions on prevention of blindness
Strategies and objectives for the period
Coordination at global, regional and national level
Monitoring and impact assessment
Didactic lectures [PPP]
Charts
Seminars
8 hours
4 Survey Methodology Enumerate describe types of studies in brief Types of study- case- control, cross sectional, cohort, incusion and exclusion criteria,  aims and objectives Didactic lectures [PPP]
Charts
Seminars
6 hours
5 Health Education Reproduce how to educate community for prevention of diseases Definition, elements, Primary health care, modes and intervention of prevention Didactic lectures [PPP]
Charts
Seminars
6 hours
6 Health Programs in India Enumerate different health programs in India Trachoma prevention
Vitamin A prophylaxis
School Health Programs–screening and mid-day meal programs
Organization of eye camps
Rehabilitation of the blind
Didactic lectures [PPP]
Charts
Seminars
6 hours
7 Ethical, legal, social and scientific issues in relation to optometry and Consumer Protection act 1986 Describe legal issues related with optometry and CPA
  • Ethics in Clinical Optometry
  • Ethical Decision Making in Clinical Practice
  • Consumer protection Act 1986

Consumer disputes redressal agencies

Didactic lectures [PPP]
Charts
Seminars
8 hours
8 Biomedical waste management Describe generation and disposal of biomedical waste Types of waste, color coding technique, methods of waste disposal Didactic lectures [PPP]
Charts
Seminars
6 hours

 


Paper-5-Investigations in ophthalmology

60 hours


S. No
Topic

Learning Objective
[At the end of the program student should be able to]

Teaching Guidelines Teaching methodology Hours
1 Physiological Tests Enumerate Basic idea about different types of physiological tests Indications, Procedure, Interpretation of Testing of visual acuity
Colour Vision
Dark Adaptometry
Perimetry
Contrast Sensitivity
Glare testing
Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
10 Hours
2 Electrophysiological tests Reproduce ERG, EOG, VEP, USG-A and B scan Indications, Procedure, Interpretations, sources of error Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
10 Hours
3 Tests for anterior segment of eyeball Diagnose any type of anterior segment abnormality with different tests Indications, Procedure, Interpretations, Uses, Limitations of Slit Lamp examination
Specular Microscopy
Tonography
Ocular Photography -anterior segment
Syringing & Lacrimal function Test
Gonioscopy
Pachymetry
Non Contact Tonometry
UBM
Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
20 Hours
4 Tests for posterior segment examination Diagnose any type of posterior segment abnormality with different tests Indications, Procedure, Interpretations, Uses, Limitations of Fluorescein Angiography
OCT
Nerve fiber analyzer
Fundus Photography
Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
16 Hours
5 Laser therapy in ophthalmology Enumerate Brief idea of different conditions where laser treatment is given Uses of YAG Laser, Green Laser Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
4 hours

 


Paper-6-Management of OT

50 hours

S No. Topic

Learning Objective
[At the end of the program student should be able to]

Teaching Guidelines Teaching methodology Hours
1 Introduction to Operation Theater in general Should be able to enumerate Basic idea of working in operation theater Who can enter OT, Who cannot enter OT, Movement, posture, communication in OT Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
4 Hours
2 Asepsis: How to achieve Should be able to reproduce Basic idea of asepsis Sterilization of instruments  and operation theature, How to wash instruments after use, dry, wrap and send for sterilization Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
8 Hours
3 Anesthetic agents and where indicated Should be able to enumerate Basic idea of anesthetic agents used in OT Halothane, nitrous oxide, oxygen, paralyzing agents, recovery agents, endo tracheal intubation Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
8 Hours
4 O T Sterilization procedures Should be able to reproduce Basic idea of how to sterilize operation theater Fumigation its advantages and disadvantages, latest techniques to sterilize OT Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
4 Hours
5 Sterilization procedures of  OT Instruments Should be able to enumerate Basic idea of how to sterilize surgical instruments Autoclave, Hot air oven, Ethylene oxide Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
4 Hours
6 Maintenance of Instruments and equipments Should be able to reproduce Basic idea of how to clean different instruments for its long life Ophthalmic Instruments
Surgical Instruments
Orthoptic instruments
Optometric instruments
Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
22Hours

 


Paper-7 Pediatric and Geriatric Optometry and Low Vision Aids

60 hours


S No.
Topic

Learning Objective
[At the end of the program student should be able to]

Teaching Guidelines Teaching methodology Hours
1 Introduction to Pediatric Optometry Should be able to reproduce scope of pediatric optometry Genetic factors – Perinatal factors- Prenatal factors – Postnatal factors responsible for diseases in children Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
2 Hours
2 Assessment of visual acuity in children Should be able to reproduce methods to assess visual acuity in pre- school children Retinoscopy, Fundus exam. anterior segment examination, electrophysiological tests Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
4 Hours
3 Refractive errors in children Should be able to describe different types of ref. errors in children How to do retinoscopy, subjective acceptance and correction of error in Myopia, Pseudo myopias Hyperopia Astigmatism, Anisometropia, Amblyopia, strabismus and nystagmus, Vergence and accommodation and Occlusion therapy Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
14 Hours
4 Introduction to GeriatricOptometry Should be able to describe scope of geriatric optometry -Structural and physiological changes in eye in old age macular disorders, vascular diseases of the eye in old age Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
4 Hours
5 Ocular diseases common  in old eye Should be able to describe diseases of old age Brief review of etiology, management of Cataract
Glaucoma, ARMD,
Corneal degenerations
Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
8 Hours
6 Special considerations in ophthalmic dispensing to the elderly Should be able to describe how dispensing glasses differs in old age vs young age Brief description how dispensing glasses differs in old age vs young age Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
4 Hours
7 How to carry on one’s visual task overcoming the problems of aging? Should be able to describe dispensing in old age Brief description how dispensing is done in old age Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
4 Hour
8 Low Vision Aids— Identifying the low vision patient, Magnitude of low vision Should be able to describe identification and prevalence of low vision in India Definition, prevalence Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
2 Hours
9 Examination of low vision patient Should be able to describe Refraction of a low vision patient Refraction for distance and near using logmar chart, Snellen chart, contrast sensitivity charts, amsler grid, glare test Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
8 Hours
10 Optics of low vision devices Should be able to describe Optics of telescopes, magnifiers Optics of telescopes, magnifiers Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
1 Hours
11 Eye disorders and low vision Should be able to describe diseases responsible for producing low vision Brief review about ARMD, Diabetes, Optic nerve disease, RP, corneal diseases, Glaucoma Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
2 Hours
12 Demonstrating aids – optical, Non-optical, Electronic Demonstrate different types of low vision aids Telescope, magnifiers, non- optical devices Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
2 Hours
13 Low vision aids available in market Should be able to reproduce Telescopes, Magnifiers, non-optical devices Telescopes, Magnifiers, non-optical devices Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
1 Hours
14 Children with low vision Should be able to reproduce Diseases responsible for low vision in children Glaucoma, Optic Atrophy, Cong. Cataract and their management in brief Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
2 Hours
15 Optical devices to help people with field defects Should be able to reproduce Field expanders used to correct tunnel vision Field expanders used to correct tunnel vision Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
1 Hours
16 Rehabilitation of the Visually handicapped Should be able to reproduce Methods used to make a low vision person lead an independent life Social
Medical
Educational rehabilitation of patient
Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
1 hours

 

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