Curriculum | Bachelor of Optometry | Second Year

B. Sc. Optometry 2nd year
Paper-1 Ocular Pharmacology

Theory 60 hours

S No. Topic

Learning Objective
[At the end of the program student should be able to]

Teaching Guidelines Teaching
Methodology
Hours
1 Ocular Pharmacology – An introduction Enumerate the basic idea of ocular pharmacology Brief idea about therapeutic concentration, minimum inhibitory concentration, bio availability Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
2 hours
2 Autonomic nervous system Describe the parts and functions of autonomic nervous system Brief anatomy and physiology of Sympathetic and para sympathetic nervous system Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
2 hour
3 Routes of drug administration Enumerate How drug can be given by different routes Indications, contra indications, side effects, advantages, disadvantages Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
2 hours
4 Miotics, Mydriatics&Cycloplegics Describe examples and uses Examples, Indications, contra indications, side effects, dosage schedule Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
3 hours
5 Antibacterial drugs Describe Definition, classification, examples Indications, contra indications, side effects, dosage schedule Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
6 hours
6 Antifungal drugs Enumerate Definition, classification, examples Indications, contra indications, side effects, dosage schedule Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
4 hours
7 Anti-Viral drugs Describe Definition, classification, examples Indications, contra indications, side effects, dosage schedule Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
4 hours
8 Anti-inflammatory drugs Enumerate definition and examples of Steroids and NSAIDs Indications, contra indications, dose, side effects, dosage schedule Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
6 hours
9 Anti-glaucoma drugs Describe definition, classification, examples Indications, contra indications, dose, side effects, dosage schedule Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
7 hours
10 Ophthalmic dyes Describe definition, Examples, , disadvantages, dosage schedule Indications, contra indications, dose, side effects, advantages, disadvantages, dosage schedule Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
2 hours
11 Local Anaesthetics Enumerate definition, Examples, , disadvantages, dosage schedule Indications, contra indications, side effects, advantages, disadvantages, dosage schedule Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
2 hours
12 Ophthalmic preservatives Enumerate definition, examples, side effects, advantages, disadvantages definition, examples, side effects, advantages, disadvantages Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
2 hours
13 Ocular lubricants Describe Definition, Examples, advantages, disadvantages, dosage schedule Indications, contra indications, side effects, advantages, disadvantages, dosage schedule Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
1 hour
14 Ocular irrigating solutions Describe definition, Examples. , disadvantages Indications,side effects, advantages, disadvantages Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
1 hour
15 Ocular antiseptics & disinfectants- Enumerate definition, Examples, , disadvantages, dosage schedule Indications, contra indications, side effects, advantages, disadvantages, dosage schedule Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
4 hours
16 Visco-elastic agents Describe definition, Examples, Properties Indications, contra indications, side effects, advantages, disadvantages Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
2 hour
17 Anti-cataract agents Enumerate definition, Examples, , disadvantages, dosage schedule Indications, contra indications, side effects, advantages, disadvantages, dosage schedule Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
1 hour
18 Contact lens solution Describe definition, Examples, side effects, advantages Indications, contra indications, dose, side effects, advantages, disadvantages, dosage schedule Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
2 hour
19 Chelating agents Enumerate definition, Examples, side effects, advantages Indications, contra indications, dose, side effects, advantages, disadvantages, dosage schedule Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
2 hour
20 Immunosuppressive agents Describe definition, Examples, side effects, advantages Indications, contra indications, dose, side effects, advantages, disadvantages, dosage schedule Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
2 hours
21 Anti-allergic agents Enumerate definition, Examples, side effects, advantages Indications, contra indications, dose, side effects, advantages disadvantages, dosage schedule Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
3 hours

 


Paper-2 Visual Optics      

Total theory 60 hours  

S. No Contents of Topic

Learning Objective
[At the end of the program student should be able to]

Teaching Guidelines Teaching Methodology Hours
1 Review of geometrical optics Describe light and its properties Review of light and its properties, Vergence and power, Sign convention, Catoptric imagery, Magnification and field of view of a lens Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
8 hours
2 Emmetropia&Ammetropia Explain various types of refractive errors Myopia, Hypermetropia, Astigmatism, Aphakia/Pseudo-phakia, Anisometropia, Anisekonia, Amblyopia, Post-Op. Refractive errors/ Residual refractive errors –Aetiology, Clinical features, Types, management, complications, Growth of eyeball in relation to refractive errors Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
19 hours
3 Accommodation and Convergence Describe accommodation, convergence and its clinical applications Far point, Near point, Amplitude, Mechanism and theories of accommodation, Anomalies of accommodation-Paralysis of accommodation, Presbyopia, Spasm of accommodation, Types of convergence, AC/A ratio, Convergence insufficiency Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
8 hours
4 Schematic eye, Reduced eye Describe Donder’s Reduced eye
Listing reduced eye
Donder’s Reduced eye
Listing reduced eye
Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
1 hour
5 Strum’s Conoid Enumerate Definition, ray diagram Clinical significance and how to relate strum’s conoid with diff. types of astigmatism Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
1 hour
6 Axes and angles of eyeball Reproduce Basic idea about optical axis, visual axis, pupillary axis, angle kappa Basic idea about optical axis, visual axis, pupillary axis, angle kappa Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
1 hour
7 Ghost Images Give brief description of ghost images Definition, Mechanism of formation of ghost images, ray diagram, Treatment Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
1 hour
8 Keratoconus Enumerate basic idea about definition, treatment Definition, types, progression, treatment Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
1 hour
9 Retinoscopy Demonstrate how to do retinoscopy and its interpretation Drugs used, Distance factor, Difficulties faced during retinoscopy and their solution, cross cylinder, Duochrome test, Stenopeic slit test, Astigmatic fan test, Pin Hole test Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
15 hour
10 Simple and Toric Transposition Solve numerical problems of simple and toric transposition Numerical Problems of simple and toric transposition Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
2 hours
11 Effective power of Spectacles Enumerate effect of back vertex distance on spectacle power Vertex distance effects, Spectacle magnification and minification and its effect on accommodation and convergence. Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
3 hours

 


Paper-3 Orthoptics

 60 hours


S. No
Contents of Topic

Learning Objective
[At the end of the program student should be able to]

Teaching Guidelines Teaching Methodology Hours
1 Orthoptics-General Concept Enumerate scope of orthoptics, Synoptophore Scope of orthoptics, Basic working of synoptophore, its uses Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
10 hour
2 Ocular muscles and movements, Enumerate brief anatomy and functioning of ocular muscles Basic idea about Rectus and Oblique muscles, their actions, origin, insertion, nerve supply, Positions of gaze Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
10 hours
3 Measurements of angle of squint Demonstrate different methods to measure angle of squint HB test, PBCT, Synoptophore Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
3 hours
4 Squint Reproduce different types of squint, causes, work-up and treatment Latent squint, Manifest squint
Paralytic,Non paralytic Definition, types, factors responsible, work-up, management, Maddox rod, Maddox wing, Head posture and its significance, Hess Screening and its Interpretations
Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
24 hours
5 Pleoptics Elaborate amblyopia , Occlusion therapy Types of amblyopia, treatment, types, Testing of ARC Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
3 hour
6 Nystagmus Enumerate brief description of nystagmus Causes, Types, treatment Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
2 hour
7 Disorders of accommodation Reproduce Presbyopia, Spasm of accommodation, Paralysis of accommodation Causes, Clinical features and management of Presbyopia, Spasm of accommodation, Paralysis of accommodation Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
4 hours
8 Pediatric visual acuity assessment Enumerate different methods to assess visual acuity in children Retinoscopy, Fundus , anterior segment examination, electrophysiological tests Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
4 hours

 


Paper-4 Optometric Instruments

60 hours

S. No Topic

Learning Objective
[At the end of the program student should be able to]

Teaching Guidelines Methodology Hours
1 Refractive Instruments Should have basic idea about how to use different types of refractive instruments Types, How to use, Advantages and disadvantages of direct and indirect ophthalmoscopes,
simple and compound microscope, Trial Frame, Retinoscope, Pupillometer, projection charts,autorefractometer,
Nerve fiber analyzer, Lensometer, Genewa lens measure
Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
22 Hours
2 Corneal Examination Detect abnormalities of cornea Principle, How to use, indications, sources of error of Placido disc, Keterometer, Specular Microscopy, Aesthesiometer Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
10 Hours
3 Dark adaptometer, Exophthalmometer Describe dark adaptometer and exophthalmometer Dark adaptometer, Exophthalmometer
Fundus Camera Parts, How to use, interpretation
Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
2 Hours
4 Slit Lamp: Describe briefly slit lamp and its parts Techniques of slit lamp examination, slit lamp photography Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
6 Hours
5 Tonometers Describe about different types of tonometers How to use, Advantages, disadvantages, how to sterilize
Schiotz, applanation, non-contact tonometers
Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
2 Hours
6 Perimeters Enumerate Manual & automated perimeter Confrontation method, Lister perimeter, Automated perimeter, Amsler grid Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
4 Hours
7 Pachymeters, Contrast sensitivity tests, Glare acuity tests, Colour vision tests Enumerate brief description about its procedure and interpretation Principle, How to use, Interpretation of results Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
12 Hours
8 OCT, A and B Scan, Fundus Camera Describe briefly its parts and functioning Principle, How to use, Interpretation of results Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
2 hours

 


Paper-5 Ocular Diseases               

60 hours

S. No Topic

Learning Objective
[At the end of the program student should be able to]

Teaching Guidelines Teaching Methodology Hours
1 Diseases of conjunctiva Enumerate different types of diseases of conjunctiva, their diagnosis and treatment Etiology, Clinical features, investigations and treatment of Infective Conjunctivitis, Allergic Conjunctivitis, Pingicula, Pterigium, Concretions, Trachoma Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
10 hours
2 Diseases of Cornea Enumerate Infective Keratitis, Keratoconus Etiology, Clinical features, investigations and treatment Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
10 hours
3 Diseases of Sclera EnumerateScleritis, Episcleritis Etiology, Clinical features, investigations and treatment Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
2 hours
4 Diseases of Uveal Tissue Describe Anterior Uveitis, Posterior Uveitis Etiology, Clinical features, investigations and treatment Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
3 hours
5 Diseases of Lens Reproduce Cataract
Subluxation and dislocation of lens
Definition, Classification, Causes, Clinical features, Management, Complications, Surgical steps, Types of surgeries, Subluxation and dislocation of lens Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
10 hours
6 Glaucoma, Enumerate Congenital glaucoma, Narrow angle and open angle glaucoma Pre disposing factors, Clinical features and management Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
9 hours
7 Diseases of Vitreous, Retina and Optic nerve Describe diseases of vitreous retina and optic nerve Causes, clinical features and treatment of Vitritis, Retinal detachment, Optic neuritis Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
2 hours
8 Ocular manifestations of systemic diseases Enumerate ocular changes in different types of systemic diseases Ocular changes in Diabetes, Hypertension, Hypothyroidism and Hyperthyroidism, Anaemia Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
6 hours
9 Diseases of eyelids, Lacrimal apparatus and Orbit Describe different types of diseases of eyelid, lacrimal apparatus and orbit Etiology, Clinical features, investigations and treatment of Stye, Chalazion, Meibomitis, dacryocystitis, orbital cellulitis Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
4 hours
10 Ocular injuries Enumerate different types of ocular injuries Clinical features, investigations and treatment of Blunt trauma, Chemical burns, penetrating injuries, Radiational injuries, Thermal injuries Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
6 hours

 


Paper-6 Clinical Examination of Visual System       

60 hours


S. No
Topic

Learning Objective
[At the end of the program student should be able to]

Teaching Guidelines Teaching Methodology Hours
1 History Taking of ophthalmic patient Based on history  diagnose disease, a patient is suffering from Chief complaints, History of present illness, H/o Past illness, Family history, Personal history, Treatment history, Menstrual history with examples and relevance. Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
Demonstration
16 hours
2 Visual acuity testing Describe procedure how to record visual acuity Snellen’s chart, logmar chart, decimal system Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
Demonstration
4 hours
3 Examination of muscle balance Enumerate reproduce movements, accommodation convergence, Diplopia charting Ductions, Versions, accommodation, convergence, diplopia charting Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
Demonstration
8 hours
4 Slit Lamp examination anterior segment of eyeball Describe Normal appearance of Eyelids, conjunctiva, cornea, Iris, Pupil and Lens and its abnormalities Abnormal findings of Eyelids, conjunctiva, cornea, Iris, Pupil Lens Dida*ctic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
Demonstration
10 hours
5 IOP measurement and Gonioscopy Enumerate different types of tonometers Procedure, limitations, indications of Schiotztonometry, applanationtonometry,NCT Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
Demonstration
4 hours
6 Examination of fundus with Direct, Indirect ophthalmoscope Describe how to use direct and indirect ophthalmoscope Principle, Procedure, Macular function tests Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
Demonstration
4 hours
7 Examination of Lacrimal system, Orbit Enumerate lacrimal syringing How to do, Interpretation of lacrimal syringing Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
Demonstration
2 hours
8 Visual field charting Describe central and peripheral field charting Lister perimeter, Confrontation method, Automated perimeter, amsler grid Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
Demonstration
6 hours
9 Neuro-ophthalmological examination Detect any neurological abnormality of eyeball Aesthesiometer, ocular movements, pupillary reactions Didactic lectures through PPP
Seminars, Tutorials
Demonstration
6 hours

 

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