BMLT | PATHOLOGY | Second Year

S. No Topic Domain Hours
Fundamentals of applied histology

Microscopy – working principle, maintenance and applications, & various types of microscope.

Dark ground microscope, Polarizing microscope, Phase contrast microscope, interference microscope, U.V light microscope.

H&E Stain & its importance.

Connective tissue stain, trichrome staining and other special stains.

Principle of metal impregnation techniques.

Principles of immunohistochemistry and its techniques.

 

Desirable to Know

Desirable to Know

Must to Know

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12hr

Cytology

Stains cytological preparation with special emphasis on MGG, Papanicolour Stains.

Special stains like PAS, Mucicarmine, Alcian blue.

Cytological screening and quality control in cytology laboratory.

Must to Know

Must to Know

Must to Know

 

 

 

 

08hr

Haematology

Hematopoesis& stem cell.

Aneamias:- Types, classification, definition & microcytic hypochromic & macrocytic anemia

Bone marrow aspiration composition and function

Staining of bone marrow smears and preparation of histological section

Haemoglobin:- Its synthesis, functions and degradation

Haemoglobin pigments and their measurement

Abnormal haemoglobins and their means of identification & estimation

LE Cell phenomenon, and various methods of its demonstration.

Coagulation factors.

Haemostatic mechanism and theories of blood coagulation & Hemophilia

Preparation of packed cells and various fraction of blood for transfusion purposes

Must to Know

Must to Know

Must to Know

Must to Know

Must to Know

Desirable to Know

Desirable to Know

Desirable to Know

Must to Know

Must to Know

Must to Know

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

25hr

General Pathology

Inflammation:- Definition, causes, types & various cells of inflammation.

Immunity:-  Definition, types of antigens & various types of antibodies.

Hypersensitivity:- Definition with types & examples.

Neoplasia:- Definition, classification, difference between benign & malignant tumors in brief, various modes of invasion and diagnosis in brief.

Infections:- Malaria, tuberculosis, dengue & AIDS in brief.

Nutritional diseases:-  Fat & water soluble vitamins, Rickets, Scurvy

 

Desirable to Know

 

Must to Know

 

Must to Know

 

Must to Know

 

Must to Know

 

Desirable to Know

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

15hr

 

Fundamentals of transfusion Medicine:

Compatibility of tests in blood transfusion.

Complications and hazard of blood transfusion

Laboratory investigation of transfusion reactions and mismatched transfusion.

Various component of blood:- Separation & its uses.

Desirable to Know

Desirable to Know

Must to Know 

 

Must to Know

 

 

 

 

 

10hr

 

PRACTICAL SYLLABUS PATHOLOGY 2nd YEAR

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Coomb’s test direct & indirect.

Urine – Microscopic examination.

Reticulocytes, count – preparation, staining & corrected retic count.

Semen analysis- physical and chemical & microscopy with Methylene blue staining for morphology.

Body fluid analysis (CSF, Pleural, Peritoneal/ascetic fluid)- Physical, Chemical, M/E.

Sickling test for sickle cell anemia.

Osmotic fragility test.

LE Cell preparation & estimation.

PT & APTT Test.

BT & CT Test with clot retraction time.

 

 

 

 

MUST TO KNOW

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